My research centers on photography, language, and AI. With photography and language, I am mostly concerned with descriptions: How humans use language to describe events and states of
affairs represented in photographs; what we can know about photographs if descriptions are all we are given; and how descriptions and their contexts shape the information
we receive when viewing photographs. With AI, my chief concern is knowledge representation and how we can symbolically represent and reason over descriptions in computers.
With at least minimal correspondence between the photographs we save in archives and their descriptions, expectations are my work will help improve researchers’ ability to find, with higher degrees of accuracy, photographs
sought within large collections.
My current project is OntoPhoto, ontology of the photograph, which depends on Scone knowledge-base system for its architecture, representation, and
for default reasoning with exceptions. I carry out this work with Scott E. Fahlman, Professor Emeritus, Language Technologies Institute and Department of Computer Science,
Carnegie Mellon University, and Jacob Migdail-Smith, doctoral student in Mathematics, Syracuse University.